Email Evolution: Web-based Email Shows Signs of Decline in the U.S. While Mobile Email Usage on the Rise

*Growing Number of Communication Channels Prompts Shift in Consumers’ Email Behavior*  

RESTON, VA, January 20, 2011 – comScore, Inc., a leader in measuring the digital world, today released results from a study on U.S. consumers’ evolving email behaviors using data from its comScore Media Metrix and MobiLens services. The study found that in November 2010, the number of visitors to web-based email sites declined 6 percent compared to the previous year, while email engagement declined at an even greater rate. During the same time period, the number of users accessing email via their mobile devices grew by 36 percent as an increasingly complex digital environment influenced consumers’ communication habits. 

“Digital communication has evolved rapidly in the last few years with an ever-increasing number of ways for Internet users to communicate with one another,” said Mark Donovan, comScore senior vice president of mobile. “From PCs to mobile devices, whether its email, social media, IM or texting, consumers have many ways to communicate and can do so at any time and in any place. The decline in web-based email is a byproduct of these shifting dynamics and the increasing availability of on-demand communication options.” 

Web-based Email Declines, Young Users Show Most Dramatic Decrease in Usage  

An analysis of web-based email trends revealed that fewer Americans visited web-based email destinations and spent less time doing so versus last year. In November 2010, more than 153 million people visited web-based email providers, decreasing 6 percent from the previous year. In terms of engagement, overall time spent in the email category declined 9 percent, while total pages viewed dropped 15 percent. Despite such declines, however, it should be noted that email remains one of the most popular activities on the web, reaching more than 70 percent of the U.S online population each month. 

Web-based Email Category Usage*
November 2010 vs. November 2009
Total U.S. – Home, Work and University Locations
Source: comScore Media Metrix
  Email Category
Nov-09 Nov-10 % Change
Total Unique Visitors (000) 162,908 153,363 -6
Total Minutes (MM) 47,862 43,374 -9
Total Pages Viewed (MM) 44,840 38,204 -15

*Web-based email does not include email applications such as Outlook, etc.  

An analysis of email users’ demographic characteristics revealed that young users, those between the ages of 12-17 showed the sharpest decline in usage during the past year. The number of visitors from this age segment declined 24 percent, while engagement fell by half as total minutes decreased 48 percent and total pages dropped 53 percent. Engagement also declined among users 18-54, as a general shift in email behavior was evident across most segments. 

In contrast, usage increased among those 55 and over. The number of 55-64 year olds accessing web-based email increased 15 percent with similar gains in engagement, while those age 65+ experienced gains across all three metrics as well. When looking at email usage among males and females, males displayed a more dramatic decline in usage than females, with total email minutes falling 12 percent for males compared to 7 percent among females. 

Web-based Email Category Usage for PC-Internet*
November 2010 vs. November 2009
Total U.S. – Home, Work and University Locations
Source: comScore Media Metrix
  % Change Unique Visitors % Change Total Minutes % Change Total Pages
Males -12% -12% -19%
Females 1% -7% -11%
Age 12-17 -24% -48% -53%
Age 18-24 9% -10% -14%
Age 25-34 1% -11% -15%
Age 35-44 1% -14% -18%
Age 45-54 -6% -12% -16%
Age 55-64 16% 15% 9%
Age 65+ 8% 17% 13%

*Web-based email does not include email applications such as Outlook, etc.  

Mobile Email Now Mainstream  

While web-based email has witnessed a decline over the past year, email usage via mobile devices has experienced significant growth, driven largely by increased smartphone adoption. In November 2010, 70.1 million mobile users (30 percent of all mobile subscribers) accessed email on their mobile, an increase of 36 percent from the previous year. Daily usage of email showed an even greater increase growing 40 percent as 43.5 million users turned to their mobile devices on a nearly daily basis for their email communication needs. 

Mobile Email Usage
3 Month Avg. Ending Nov. 2010 vs. 3 Month Avg. Ending Nov. 2009
Total U.S. Mobile Subscribers Ages 13+
Source: comScore MobiLens
  Total Mobile Audience (000)
Nov-09 Nov-10 % Change
Used email ever in month 51,639 70,105 36%
Used email almost every day 31,161 43,477 40%

Accessing mobile email increased by double-digits across all age segments. Younger age groups showed a higher probability of accessing email from their mobile devices compared to older segments. Persons age 25-34 were 60 percent more likely to access email than an average mobile user, with those between the ages of 18-24 being 46 percent more likely to do so, representing the two age segments with the highest propensity. Overall, males were 14 percent more likely to be users of mobile email. 

Mobile Email Usage by Demographic Segment
3 Month Avg. Ending Nov. 2010
Total U.S. Mobile Subscribers Ages 13+
Source: comScore MobiLens
Males 114
Females 87
Age 12-17 106
Age 18-24 146
Age 25-34 160
Age 35-44 124
Age 45-54 88
Age 55-64 50
Age 65+ 25

*Index – (% mobile email users / % mobile users)*100. Index of 100 indicates average representation. 

Continued Donovan, “What we have seen in the smartphone era is the rapid acceleration of data consumption, which has helped drive mobile usage across multiple categories including email. In a relatively short period of time, adoption of mobile email has reached 78 percent of the smartphone population, which is very similar to the penetration of web-based email among Internet users. These findings demonstrate just how quickly channel shifts can occur and why it’s now essential for media brands to have a strong presence in both arenas.” 

*Source: comScore

(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)