Tag Archives: graphene

New photodetector could improve night vision, thermal sensing and medical imaging

UCLA’s design eliminates tradeoffs between bandwidth, sensitivity, and speed that are common in current technology

Using graphene, one of science’s most versatile materials, engineers from the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have invented a new type of photodetector that can work with more types of light than its current state-of-the-art counterparts. The device also has superior sensing and imaging capabilities. (more…)

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Hot Spots, Cold Spots: When Temperature Goes Quantum

A UA-led collaboration of physicists and chemists has discovered that temperature behaves in strange and unexpected ways in graphene, a material that has scientists sizzling with excitement about its potential for new technological devices ranging from computing to medicine. (more…)

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Black phosphorus is new ‘wonder material’ for improving optical communication

Phosphorus, a highly reactive element commonly found in match heads, tracer bullets, and fertilizers, can be turned into a stable crystalline form known as black phosphorus. In a new study, researchers from the University of Minnesota used an ultrathin black phosphorus film—only 20 layers of atoms—to demonstrate high-speed data communication on nanoscale optical circuits. (more…)

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Scientists build thinnest-possible LEDs to be stronger, more energy efficient

Most modern electronics, from flat-screen TVs and smartphones to wearable technologies and computer monitors, use tiny light-emitting diodes, or LEDs. These LEDs are based off of semiconductors that emit light with the movement of electrons. As devices get smaller and faster, there is more demand for such semiconductors that are tinier, stronger and more energy efficient.

University of Washington scientists have built the thinnest-known LED that can be used as a source of light energy in electronics. The LED is based off of two-dimensional, flexible semiconductors, making it possible to stack or use in much smaller and more diverse applications than current technology allows. (more…)

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Wie man Graphen supraleitend machen kann

Sobald ein neuartiges Material entdeckt wird, ist eine der ersten Fragen: Kann das neue Material supraleitend sein? Das gilt insbesondere für das Wundermaterial Graphen. Nun erforschte ein internationales Team um Wissenschaftler der Universität Wien den supraleitenden Paarungsmechanismus in mit Kalzium dotierten Graphen. In ihren Arbeiten verwendeten sie Synchrotronstrahlung, um damit die winkelaufgelöste Photoemission von Graphen zu messen. Ihre Ergebnisse erscheinen im renommierten Journal “Nature Communications”.

Supraleitende Materialien besitzen eine außerordentlich wertvolle Eigenschaft: Sie können elektrischen Strom verlustfrei transportieren, wenn sie unter eine kritische Temperatur gekühlt werden. Supraleitung entsteht in bestimmten Materialien durch die Paarung von Elektronen, die sich bei höheren Temperaturen normalerweise abstoßen würden. Wissenschaftler aus der Gruppe “Elektronische Materialeigenschaften” an der Fakultät für Physik (Universität Wien) und ihre internationalen Kollaborationspartner machten sich gemeinsam an die Arbeit, um den möglichen supraleitenden Paarungsmechanismus im Wundermaterial Graphen zu untersuchen. (more…)

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New boron nanomaterial may be possible

Graphene, a sheet of carbon one atom thick, may soon have a new nanomaterial partner. In the lab and on supercomputers, chemists have determined that a unique arrangement of 36 boron atoms in a flat disc with a hexagonal hole in the middle may be the preferred building blocks for “borophene.” Findings are reported in Nature Communications.

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — Researchers from Brown University have shown experimentally that a boron-based competitor to graphene is a very real possibility. (more…)

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Natural 3D Counterpart to Graphene Discovered

Researchers at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source Find New Form of Quantum Matter

The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene – the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon – promises exciting new things to come for the high-tech industry, including much faster transistors and far more compact hard drives. A collaboration of researchers at the U.S Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has discovered that sodium bismuthide can exist as a form of quantum matter called a three-dimensional topological Dirac semi-metal (3DTDS). This is the first experimental confirmation of 3D Dirac fermions in the interior or bulk of a material, a novel state that was only recently proposed by theorists. (more…)

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What Could Graphene Mean For Your Future Smartphone?

Graphene is the material of the future, it could even help us to achieve invisibility. So what could it mean for your smartphone?

Scientists, engineers and tech-addicts everywhere are getting very excited about Graphene. It may sound like the stuff you get in your pencils but this newly discovered material could help us enter an entirely new technological age. Work is already underway to make invisibility a possibility – all thanks to the wonders of Graphene.

We’re already living in an exciting age of communication. With superfast, super accessible and super affordable 3G broadband from providers like Mobi-data we now have access to the online world wherever we are and wherever we’re travelling all over the world. Yet Graphene is set to take us into the realms of science fiction – giving smartphones and tablets the power to bend and flex, making annoying charging up a thing of the past and making our gadgets more or less indestructible. (more…)

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