Tag Archives: daniel rabosky

Die Wiege der Fische

Kalte Ozeane bringen doppelt so schnell neue Arten hervor wie tropische Meere

Die Freiburger Biologin Dr. Kristin Kaschner, der Evolutionsbiologe Dr. Daniel Rabosky von der University of Michigan/USA und die Biologin Cristina Garilao vom Geomar – Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel haben zusammen mit einem internationalen Forschungsteam in einer Studie die evolutionäre Beziehung von mehr als 30.000 Fischarten analysiert. (more…)

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Evolution and venomous snakes: Diet distinguishes look-alikes on two continents

ANN ARBOR — On opposite sides of the globe over millions of years, the snakes of North America and Australia independently evolved similar body types that helped them move and capture prey more efficiently.

Snakes on both continents include stout-bodied, highly camouflaged ambush predators, such as rattlesnakes in North America and death adders in Australia. There are slender, fast-moving foragers on both continents, as well as small burrowing snakes. (more…)

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Why are There so Many Species of Beetles and So few Crocodiles?

Answer may be ‘adaptive zones’ that limit species number, life scientists report

There are more than 400,000 species of beetles and only two species of the tuatara, a reptile cousin of snakes and lizards that lives in New Zealand. Crocodiles and alligators, while nearly 250 million years old, have diversified into only 23 species. Why evolution has produced “winners” — including mammals and many species of birds and fish — and “losers” is a major question in evolutionary biology.

Scientists have often posited that because some animal and plant lineages are much older than others, they have had more time to produce new species (the dearth of crocodiles notwithstanding). This idea — that time is an important predictor of species number — underlies many theoretical models used by biologists. However, it fails to explain species numbers across all multi-cellular life on the planet, a team of life scientists reports Aug. 28 in the online journal PLoS Biology, a publication of the Public Library of Science. (more…)

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