Tag Archives: cold

If global warming is real, why was it so cold and snowy last winter?

ANN ARBOR — More Americans view global warming by what they see outside their windows and not scientific evidence, according to a University of Michigan survey.

While a majority of Americans still believe that global warming is occurring, the cold and snowy winter of 2014 created more disbelievers, according to the National Surveys on Energy and Environment. (more…)

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Neues “Geburtsszenario” für Satellitengalaxien

Die unsere Milchstraße und den Andromeda-Nebel umgebenden Systeme von Satellitengalaxien zeigen charakteristische Eigenschaften, die der weit akzeptierten Theorie der Existenz Kalter Dunkler Materie (CDM) als dominierende Masse im Universum widersprechen. Auch die aktuellste, bereits von vielen Verfechtern der CDM propagierte Lösung konnte einer genauen Analyse verschiedener Simulationen der Strukturbildung des Universums nicht standhalten. Durchgeführt wurde diese Studie, die im Fachjournal “Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society” erscheinen wird, von Marcel Pawlowski von der Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland gemeinsam mit einer internationalen ForscherInnengruppe. Von der Universität Wien ist der Astrophysiker Gerhard Hensler beteiligt.

KosmologInnen berufen sich bei vielen ansonsten unerklärlichen dynamischen Phänomenen auf die “Dunkle Materie”. “Dennoch ist bislang nicht direkt nachgewiesen, dass es diese rätselhafte Substanz überhaupt gibt”, erklärt Gerhard Hensler, Astrophysiker an der Universität Wien. Und selbst wenn es sie gäbe, würde sie längst nicht alle Abweichungen oder Widersprüche zwischen den Messungen und den theoretischen Vorhersagen beseitigen. (more…)

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Pine Island Glacier: A Scientific Quest in Antarctica to Determine What’s Causing Ice Loss

*Researchers study heat delivered by ocean currents to bottom side of glacier that releases more than 19 cubic miles of ice each year*

An international team of researchers, funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and NASA, will helicopter onto the Pine Island Glacier ice shelf, one of Antarctica’s most active, remote and harsh spots, in mid-December 2011–weather permitting.

The project’s mission is to determine how much heat ocean currents deliver to the underside of the Pine Island Glacier as it discharges into the sea. Quantifying this heat and understanding how much melting it causes is key to developing reliable models to predict glacier acceleration and therefore predict how much ice will be delivered from land into the ocean thus contributing to sea level rise. (more…)

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Human Networking Theory Gives Picture of Infectious Disease Spread

*High school students’ interactions provide new look at disease transmission*

Graphic showing the flu virus and its antibodies. Image credit: NIH

It’s colds and flu season, and as any parent knows, colds and flu spread like wildfire, especially through schools.

New research using human-networking theory may give a clearer picture of just how, exactly, infectious diseases such as the common cold, influenza, whooping cough and SARS can spread through a closed group of people, and even through populations at large.

With the help of 788 volunteers at a high school, Marcel Salathé, a biologist at Penn State University, developed a new technique to count the number of possible disease-spreading events that occur in a typical day.

This results are published in this week’s issue of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (more…)

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