Forgery of official documents by monks was rife across medieval Europe because of social changes and the growing importance of the written word, a new book shows. (more…)
Tag Archives: medieval europe
Long before the knights of medieval Europe wielded flails or martial artists brandished nunchucks, it appears that a flightless prehistoric bird used its own wings as a similar type of weapon in combat.
Paleontologists at Yale and the Smithsonian Institution have discovered that Xenicibis, a member of the ibis family that lived about 10,000 years ago and was found only in Jamaica, most likely used its specialized wings like a flail, swinging its upper arm and striking its enemies with its thick hand bones. (more…)